NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF SMOKING ON OUR HEALTH

Smoking can cause long-term negative effects on the body, including heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. There is no safe way to use tobacco products. According to the American Lung Association, cigarettes contain around 600 ingredients, and at least 69 of them are carcinogenic. Whether consumed through smoking or chewing, tobacco is dangerous to health. Tobacco products contain harmful ingredients such as acetone, tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide, among many others. Inhaling these substances affects your lungs and other organs in the body. Read on to learn about the negative consequences smoking can cause.

The harmful effects of cigarettes

SMOKING CAN LEAD TO CANCER

Numerous studies have clearly shown the connection between smoking and many types of cancer. Smoking increases the risk of developing this disease in any part of the body. Some types of cancer caused by smoking include:

  • Bladder cancer
  • Cervical cancer
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Kidney and uterine cancer
  • Liver cancer
  • Oropharyngeal cancer (which can involve parts of the throat, tongue, tonsils, and soft palate)
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Stomach cancer
  • Tracheal, bronchial, and lung cancer

If you quit smoking today, the risk of developing these cancers will decrease over about 10 to 20 years, but it will still be higher than that of a non-smoker.

SMOKING DISRUPTS THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

One of the ingredients in tobacco is nicotine, which creates addiction and habit. Nicotine takes only a few seconds to reach the brain and provide instant energy. However, as this effect wears off, you start to feel more tired and hungrier. Nicotine can impair thinking ability and cause negative emotions such as:

  • Anxiety
  • Irritability
  • Depression

Quitting cigarettes can also cause headaches and sleeping problems.

SMOKING HARMS THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

Smoking damages the airways, alveoli in the lungs, and cilia, which are tiny hair-like structures that prevent impurities and mucus from entering the lungs.

Risk of lung disease. Damage to the lungs from smoking leads to lung diseases or cancer. Smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer. Smokers are 20 times more likely to develop this disease than non-smokers.

Chronic lung conditions. People who smoke have a higher risk of developing chronic lung conditions such as:

  • Emphysema, the destruction of air sacs in the lungs
  • Chronic bronchitis, a persistent inflammation affecting the lining of the airways
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Lung cancer
  • Asthma

Quitting tobacco products can cause temporary congestion and respiratory discomfort as the lungs and airways begin to heal. Increased mucus production immediately after quitting smoking can be a positive sign that your respiratory system is recovering.

SMOKING CAN AFFECT THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM

  • Nicotine disrupts blood flow to the genitals in both men and women.
  • Smoking can lead to fertility problems and reduce levels of sex hormones, leading to decreased sexual desire.
  • Women who use tobacco products may enter menopause earlier than those who do not.
  • In men, smoking can cause erectile dysfunction and impair semen quality, leading to difficulties in conceiving.

SMOKING CAN CAUSE CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES

Smoking can impair the cardiovascular system, including the heart, arteries, and blood vessels. Nicotine causes blood vessels to constrict, resulting in reduced blood flow. Smoking also increases blood pressure, weakens blood vessel walls, and raises the risk of blood clots.

SCHEDULE A PREVENTIVE CHECK-UP AT THE SRCE – INTERNAL MEDICINE CENTER AND ENSURE YOUR HEALTH

Smoking negatively affects our entire body and can cause many diseases. On World No Tobacco Day, Srce – Internal Medicine Center reminds you of all the harmful effects caused by smoking and encourages you to quit this bad habit for a longer and healthier life.

If you experience any health disturbances caused by tobacco product consumption, visit our center, where our expert team will provide you with complete attention and care and work together to achieve overall optimal health.

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